Toilets are very basically speaking a seat with plumbing attached underneath that is utilized for getting rid of human excrement and bladder fluids safely and cleanly without spreading sickness, infection and the like which is unfortunately a very real risk in places where there are no toilets to be found anywhere at all. There are also other names for the toilet that people have come up with over the years. These include lavatory and bathroom. Toilets vary by the way in which the excrement is dealt with. We will talk about this next.
Different sewage exit systems
One type of toilet is named the flush toilet. These are commonly used in a lot of different countries round the globe. Either they can be seen to be going from the toilet bowl to a septic tanker that is near to the toilet or they are connected by big downpipes to a larger sewage network of piping leading to a very large version of the septic tank that service entire communities of people. In this kind of situation, the stuff that flushes down the toilet becomes routed to much bigger piping off to a far away excrement processing facility.
Another kind of toileting system is also known to the world as the chemical toilet. These ones are utilized in scenarios where it’s difficult to get access to a traditional toilet. Sometimes it is more practical to have a toilet that is not fixed to a single location and hard plumbed into a sewage piping system. The most common type is also known by many as the portaloo or portable toilet. These are often seen at music festivals, or work sites where only temporary toilet facilities are needed. The feces get collected in a big repository container usually directly beneath the toilet itself. These are then collected regularly by a company that will come in with trucks that are purpose designed for collecting sewage and taking it off to a processing facility. Similar toilets to this are dry toilet, the compost toilet, and the pit toilet. They are not all required to have sewage collection though. For example, the pit toilet will collect the defecation in a saw dust which will naturally break down the feces and urine into a compost.
What people in the old days used for toilets
Back in ancient times, toilet systems were basically a bowl that was connected up to a flowing system where the business was flowed out to sea or a river in water. Examples of this type of civilization were seen in India and Egypt among other places. The toilet as we know it today actually didn’t come into mass production until the late 19th century. Then the contemporary ‘flush’ dunny was originally invented by none other than the legendary Thomas Crap man from the united kingdom.
The crucial need for global sanitation
The disease cholera and many others are still sustained throughout parts of the world. In fact, approximately three million get these types of problems each year. These lethal sicknesses can actually be prevented with modern sanitation technology. This is because these systems are designed in a way that makes sure the feces are not leaked into water streams, under ground water supplies, as well as drinking water production sources. However, sources of water that have the unfortunate reality of having been infected can be disinfected for safe consumption through a decontamination process. Back in the 1800s London, there were three major cholera outbreaks. One tok the lives of over 12,000 and the other took over 10,000 lives. A researcher looking into potential origins of the outbreak put it down to contamination in the water of certain water sources. He found that those who drank from specific sources died at a notably higher rate than those who drank from what seemed to be uncontaminated sources.
Recently in an investigation in the year 2000, the world health organisation discovered that some over forty percent of the worlds population does not actually have access to sanitation technology. This includes places like Africa, India and other poorer areas. To help with improving this dire situation some organizations have been pooling their resources to develop sanitized squat toilet facilities. These designs are typically erected by digging a hole, lining it with canvas walling and then placing a plastic toilet seat at the outer edge of said hole. The idea is that the person squats over it in a more sanatized fashion. The canvas wall ensures it can be contained in the hole without leeching into water ways and such.